Monumento aos DescobrimentosLisbon displays a large collection of monuments because of the city’s antiquity. Since the conquest of St. George castle from the Moors in 1147, Lisbon’s citizens have built hundreds of buildings and statues for military and religious reasons, or just to commemorate historical events. When walking through the streets, you will observe that the remnants of its past are still evident. The 1755’s earthquake that devastated the city and destroyed many buildings eventually motivated the construction of many other buildings that over the years have become historical monuments. So, when visiting or living in Lisbon, there is a lot to know about the monuments that make Lisbon, Lisbon. Here is our list to help you!

Monuments in Lisbon

Águas Livres Aqueduct

Águas Livres aqueduct (loosely translatable as Free Waters aqueduct) was built with the sole purpose of channeling water from the Águas Livres’ spring to Lisbon. It was built between 1732 and 1748 on the orders of king D. João V and projected by the architects Manuel da Maia, Custódio Vieira and the Hungarian Carlos Mardel. […]

Ajuda National Palace

It’s the former Royal Palace, where the Portuguese monarchs resided since 1861, until the end of the monarchy in 1910. Today, it’s mainly a museum (some part of the building is occupied by the Ministry of Culture). History After the 1755 earthquake that completely destroyed the Palace of Ribeira, (old royal residence), King Jose ordered […]

Belém Tower

The Belém Tower, a former defence bastion situated in the Lisbon fluvial entrance, was built on the north bank of the Tagus River between 1514 and 1520 on a rocky point in front of the former Belém beach. It is one of the most visited and iconic monuments of the city and was classified as […]

Bica Funicular

The Bica Funicular, opened in 1892, was the third of its kind built in Lisbon. It is one of the town’s major tourist attractions, along with the Santa Justa, Lavra and Glória elevators. The Bica Lift consists of two carriages, each with three uneven compartments and independent access, capable of carrying 23 passengers (of which nine seated). Designed […]

Campo Pequeno Bullring

It’s the most important bullring in the country, and is closely linked to the history of Portuguese and World Bullfights. The first references to bullfights in the area of Campo Pequeno date from 1741. Here, it was initially built a wooden bullring. As it had few places, other bullrings started to appear in different zones […]

Casa dos Bicos

Casa dos Bicos, located east of praça do Comércio and facing the Tagus riverfront, is one of Lisbon’s most original buildings. Not only for its peculiar name (the House of Pointy Stones), but also for the façade covered with 1.125 diamond shaped stones. Nowadays, it hosts the headquarters of José Saramago foundation – the late […]

Cristo-Rei Shrine

The Cristo-Rei shrine can be found in Almada (on the south bank of Tagus River), near 25 de abril bridge’s toll and it’s well visible from all the riverside zone of Lisbon. It rises 370 feet above sea level and consists of a 246 feet portico, topped with a huge statue of Jesus Christ with […]

Esperança Foutain

Currently located in Dom Carlos I Avenue and integrated in the beautiful Santos-o-Velho parish, this public Fountain is one of the loveliest of Lisbon. It was classified as National Monument in June 1910, in the final days of the Monarchy. Beautiful Work but especially Useful The original design of the Esperança Fountain, so named because […]

Glória Funicular

Elevador da Glória was inaugurated on October 24th 1885 and it is a National Monument since 2002. It was the second of its kind constructed in Lisbon, after elevador da Lavra and before elevador da Bica and elevador de Santa Justa. The Portuguese engineer of French origin Raoul Mesnier de Ponsard designed it to be moved through a combination of […]

Independence Palace

The Palace of Independence is located in the historical center of town, northwest of Rossio and in the middle of National Theatre D. Maria II and São Domingos Church. Its history dates back to the 14th century as shown by a manuscript referring its purchase by the Almadas, a noble family who kept it as […]